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What is Bits Per Second Explained

The data rate of a network association is ordinarily estimated in units of bits every second (bps). Network equipment makers rate the most extreme network bandwidth level their items bolster using the standard units of Kbps, Mbps, and Gbps.

These are in some cases called web speed units on the grounds that as network speeds increment, it’s less demanding to express them in thousands (kilo-), millions (super ) or billions (giga-) of units immediately.


Since kilo-is to mean an estimation of one thousand, it’s utilized to signify the most reduced speed from this gathering:

  • One kilobit for every second (Kbps) measures up to 1,000 bits for each second (bps). This is once in a while composed as kbps, Kb/sec or Kb/s yet every one of them convey a similar importance.
  • One megabit for each second (Mbps) approaches 1000 Kbps or one million bps. It’s likewise communicated as Mbps, Mb/sec, and Mb/s.
  • One gigabit for each second (Gbps) squares with 1000 Mbps, one million Kbps or one billion bps. It’s likewise truncated as Gbps, Gb/sec, and Gb/s.

Dodging the Confusion Between Bits and Bytes

For historical reasons, data rates for plate drives and some other (non-network) PC equipment are some of the time shown in bytes every second (Bps with a capitalized ‘B) rather than bits every second (bps with a lowercase ‘b’).

  • one KBps measures up to one kilobyte for every second
  • one MBps levels with one megabyte for every second
  • one GBps parallels one gigabyte for every second

Since one byte levels with eight bits, changing over these ratings to the comparing lowercase ‘b’ shape should be possible just duplicating by 8:

  • one KBps levels with 8 Kbps
  • one MBps squares with 8 Mbps
  • one GBps squares with 8 Gbps

To maintain a strategic distance from perplexity among bits and bytes, networking professionals dependably allude to network association speeds as far as bps (lowercase ‘b’) ratings.

Speed Ratings of Common Network Equipment

Network adapt with Kbps speed ratings will in general be more seasoned and low execution by current norms. Old dial-up modems bolstered data rates up to 56 Kbps, for instance.

Most network equipment highlights Mbps speed ratings.

Home web associations can go from low qualities like 1 Mbps up to 100 Mbps and much higher

802.11g Wi-Fi associations Rate at 54 Mbps

More established Ethernet associations Rate at 100 Mbps

802.11n Wi-Fi associations Rate at 150 Mbps, 300 Mbps, and higher additions

Top of the line outfit highlights Gbps speed rating:

Gigabit Ethernet bolsters 1 Gbps

Spine network connects that feed web suppliers and cell towers bolster various Gbps

What Comes After Gbps?

1000 Gbps breaks even with 1 terabit for each second (Tbps). Scarcely any advances for Tbps speed networking exist today.

The Internet2 venture has created Tbps associations with help its test network, and some industry organizations have additionally assembled testbeds and effectively demonstrate Tbps joins.

Because of the staggering expense of the equipment and difficulties to working such a network dependably, expect it will be a lot more years previously these speed levels end up down to earth for general use.

How to Do Data Rate Conversions

It’s extremely easy to change over between these units when you realize that there are 8 bits in each byte and that kilo, Mega, and Giga mean thousand, million and billion. You can do the counts yourself physically or utilize any of various online calculators.

For instance, you can change over Kbps to Mbps with those standards. 15,000 Kbps = 15 Mbps in light of the fact that there are 1,000 kilobits in every 1 megabit.

Updated: December 19, 2018 — 2:05 pm

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